WHAT IS HEMP AND HOW IS IT DIFFERENT FROM MARIJUANA

Hemp

Hemp is often confused with marijuana. Hemp and Marijuana are both cannabis plants but they are two different species of cannabis. One of the main differences between the two is the level of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) that each contains. THC is a cannabinoid and is responsible for producing a psychoactive or “high” affect. Marijuana contains 5%-20% and sometimes even up to 30% THC content where as hemp only contains 1% or less of THC content. Hemp is identified as containing high levels of CBD and low levels of THC (1% or less). 

Hemp was originally cultivated over 10,000 years ago in modern day Taiwan. Hemp was being grown by Native Americans long before the Mayflower landed on Plymouth Rock and it was a staple in early Colonial America. In fact, the first president of the United States of America, George Washington, grew cannabis on his plantation. The crop was grown for food, oil and fiber. 

For thousands of years hemp was freely cultivated. Only decades ago, in 1970, the Controlled Substance Act was created to regulate all cannabis, including hemp. Hemp was lumped in with marijuana and listed as an illegal substance.

Recently, the Agricultural Act of 2014 allowed universities and state departments of agriculture to begin cultivating industrial hemp for agricultural or academic research. Soon after, the Industrial Hemp Farm Act of 2015 allowed farmers to grow industrial hemp and removed hemp that contains 0.3% or less of THC content from the controlled substance list. 

Because of this, products with CBD extracted from hemp with 0.3% or less of THC content do not require a medical cannabis card to purchase. Many people like these products because they can gain all the health benefits of CBD and other cannabinoids without suffering from the psychoactive or “high” affect. There are two reasons it is virtually impossible to get “high” off these CBD products. First, CBD extracted from hemp contains too minute of an amount of THC (0.3% or less) to cause a “high”. Secondly, hemp has higher levels of CBD and CBD is a THC antagonist that blocks the receptors THC utilizes thus blocking the ability to get “high” in the first place.

Some work in professions that require drug tests. Next, learn if CBD will show up on drug tests.